Importance of ‘correct’ Policy & Regulation for energy system integration (ESI), William D’haeseleer
Policy and regulation are of uttermost importance in the context of ESI. Many believe that technology and innovation allows reaching the right balance in the energy trilemma: security of supply, clean and affordable energy provision. It is true that technological breakthroughs will guide the direction of change to the energy future. But, in the meantime, reality demonstrates that technology alone, or better, the application of technological components, if not properly coordinated may lead to chaos and crises, or to a transformation or transition towards a new system that is way too expensive. In other words, with the same amount of money spent, much higher objectives could have been reached.
Often, too many targets fight with each other, or neutralize each other. Regulatory uncertainty, intervention in the markets resulting in distortions, sudden policy changes/disruptions, those things are deadly for the right investments, for smooth and efficient system operation, and finally for attaining the ultimate goal that was the original purpose to start with. Fragmented policy and regulation can lead to an unexpected and undesired outcome; in contrast, ‘clever’ policy and regulation can help solving the problems they caused in the first place.
Smart Electric Vehicle Charging, Prof. Johan Driesen
This tutorial starts with an overview of the main charging principles that are in use for powering up battery electric vehicles and plug-in electric vehicles. After a short introduction on e-mobility, the main standardized systems (AC, DC, different modes) and advanced principles such as wireless charging are discussed, referring to practical cases where vehicles have to be charged in different environments and different use cases or business models. The link with power system integration is made by addressing the impact of this new type of power consumption on the power flow and stability. “Smart” solutions are proposed, such as droop control and V2G implementation. Modelling techniques and hardware implementations are briefly discussed. Examples from on-going research and living-lab trials are given. This tutorial intends to make a bridge between developments in smart grids, e-mobility and intelligent hard- and software solutions enabling the deployment of electric vehicles.