PhD. MARTIN A. GREEN
Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering.
PhD. MARTIN A. GREEN
Martin Green is Scientia Professor at the University of New South Wales, Sydney and Director of the Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, involving five other Australian Universities and research groups. His group’s contributions to photovoltaics include inventing the PERC cell, now accounting for 90% of global production, and holding the silicon solar cell efficiency record for 30 of the last 38 years, regarded as a “Top Ten” milestone in solar photovoltaics history. Major international awards include the 1999 Australia Prize, the 2002 Right Livelihood Award, also known as the Alternative Nobel Prize, and most recently, the 2021 Japan Prize.
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND FUTURE TRENDS IN SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS
Over the last decade, the cost of photovoltaic solar energy conversion has dropped very dramatically with solar photovoltaics “now the cheapest source of electricity in most countries” and “now offering some of the lowest cost electricity ever seen”, according to the International Energy Agency. However, improvements are in the pipeline that are leading to an era of “insanely cheap” solar power, within the coming decade. The developments leading to these cost reductions will be described as well as the pending improvements that will allow solar to continue on its trajectory to even lower future costs over the 2020-2030 decade.
PhD. VICTOR GRIMBLATT
R&D Group Director and General Manager, Latin America Executive Sponsor, Synopsys Chile R&D Center.
PhD. VICTOR GRIMBLATT
Victor Grimblatt has an engineering diploma in microelectronics from Institut Nationale Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG – France) and an electronic engineering diploma from Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria (Chile). He got his PhD on Electronics in 2021 from University of Bordeaux. He is currently R&D Group Director and General Manager of Synopsys Chile.
He has published several papers in IoT, EDA, Smart Agriculture and embedded systems development. Since 2012 he is chair of the IEEE Chilean chapter of the CASS. He has been part of several conferences TCP (ISCAS, ICECS, LASCAS) and Steering Committees. He is member of the IEEE CASS Board of
Governors for the period 2021 – 2023. He founded the Electronics for Agrifood SIG at CASS and chairs it. He was Chair of LASCAS Steering Committee from 2018 to 2022. He is CASS representative at the IEEE Climate Change TAB.
He was President of the Chilean Electronic and Electrical Industry Association (AIE) from 2017 to 2021.
From 2006 to 2008 he was member of the “Chilean Offshoring Committee” organized by the Minister of Economy of Chile.
In 2010 he was awarded as “Innovator of the Year in Services Export”. In 2022 he was awarded as “IEEE/AIE Best Engineer” in Chile. In 2023 he was awarded as IEEE R9 Outstanding Engineer”
Victor’s research areas are EDA (Electronic Design Automation), Climate Change, and Smart Agriculture
AGRIBUSINESS IMPACT ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT ON AGRIBUSINESS
The world is going into a disaster if no actions are taken soon to stop the global warming and the corresponding climate change and its consequences on the Earth and the Humankind. Agribusiness is responsible for almost a third of the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), one of the sectors thar ar most contributing to the global warming.
On the other hand, agribusiness is one of the most affected sectors by climate change. The impact of climate change can be seen on crops, livestock, and fisheries.
Technology should play an important and essential role as it provides ways to measure and analyze data that will show GHG emissions for example and can also help defining actions to be taken and, in some cases, automating the actions. In this talk we will analyze the different ways agribusiness is affecting climate change and the technologies that could help to mitigate the change.
PhD. LUIS G. KUN
FAIMBE, Life Fellow IEEE, FIAMBE, FIUPESM
Ph.D. LUIS KUN
Dr. Kun graduated from the Merchant Marine Academy in Uruguay and holds a BSEE; MSEE and Ph.D. in BME from UCLA. He is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of National Security Affairs (CHDS) and was a Professor of Homeland Security at the National Defense University (2003-2015). A (Lifetime) Fellow of the IEEE, the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, the International Academy of Medical and Biological Engineering, and the International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine. He was the founding Editor in Chief of Springer’s Journal of Health and Technology 2010-2020. He spent 14 years at IBM and later as Director of Medical Systems Technology at Cedars Sinai Medical Center. As Senior IT Advisor to AHCPR he formulated the IT vision and was the lead staff for High Performance Computers and Communications program and Telehealth. In July 1997, as an invited speaker to the White House, he was primarily responsible for the first Telemedicine Homecare Legislation signed by President Clinton, in August 1997. While a Distinguished Fellow at the CDC, as Acting Chief IT Officer for the National Immunization Program he formulated their IT vision on 10/2000. Kun received many awards including: AIMBE’s first-ever Fellow Advocate Award in 2009; IEEE-USA Citation of Honor Award, “For exemplary contributions in the inception and implementation of a health care IT vision in the US.” 2011 Golden Core Award by the IEEE Computers. Named: “Profesor Honoris Causa” by Favaloro University, (2009); “Distinguished Visitor” by the City of Puebla, (Mexico 2013). He is/was an EEE Distinguished Lecturer for the Computer Society, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society and Chairman for SSIT’s DL Program. Kun is an Honorary Professor of the Electrical Engineering Dept. at the School of Engineering of the University (UDELAR) in Montevideo, Uruguay. He received the Medal of Merit in 2016 in Mexico from the National Unit of Engineering Associations. He was named Visiting Professor by the National Technological University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, November 2017.
GLOBAL CITIZEN SAFETY AND SECURITY. A TRANSFORMATIONAL OPPORTUNITY FOR ENGINEERS AS SYSTEMS “CONDUCTORS” OF SOCIETY CRITICAL THINKING.
While the world struggled with COVID-19, it was expected that primary, secondary, and college students would attend school via distance learning, while people would telework and the public would access their medical support via telemedicine. In addition, purchases of products would be done (mainly) via e-Commerce. These assumptions may be clear for the developed world, however approximately 60% of the world does not have Internet access and if additionally, you lack safe drinking water, food, health, or a house to live in, the Internet is not a priority. The Information Age is providing data that shows real-time complexity and the lack of interoperability among global participants. In the Global Economy, Society lives in silos. While the world faces simultaneously a large number of interrelated challenges, different governments are trying unsuccessfully to address them not as a complex dynamic system but as independent and separate ones. According to a 2022 Global Risks Survey,20% of the world’s population lives in 52 of the poorest countries and only 6% have been vaccinated against COVID-19. The water crisis and the WHO/UNICEF: 2.2 billion lack access to clean drinking water and sanitation. Approximately 1 million people die every year from hygiene-related diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio, all preventable. The world is currently trying to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, the water and food crisis and contemplating a potential famine for millions living in very poor countries as a result of an ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine that prevents them from getting wheat, barley, corn, and sunflower oil. If we look at the US as a microcosm of the world, for most educated people, political polarization/midterm elections, mass shootings and the unrestricted sale of guns with no background checks, race, the price of gasoline, food, and the cost of living is the “current” big worries. For years, areas such as California’s San Joaquin Valley have been booming their agricultural industry while confronting punishing droughts and fires, due to climate change, leading to water over-extraction from aquifers. This process is irreversible and the lands have sunk 28 feet in a fairly short period of time. According to a 2021 Science article subsidence will affect 1.6 billion people who will be displaced in the next 2 decades because those areas will be susceptible to floods. Meanwhile, Lakes Mead, Powell, Travis, Great Salt Lake, and many others, are quickly disappearing and the water that would flow to California for agriculture purposes not only is disappearing but in some instances, the minerals left below will make areas such as Salt Lake City unlivable. With the daily global population increasing (perhaps reaching 10 billion by 2045), water, food, and energy will be major challenges to the world. The February 2021 climate crisis in Texas, showed not only how all of our Critical Infrastructures are interdependent among themselves but how dependent we are on cyberspace, and how unprepared the world is for the effects of climate change. A new holistic transformational approach is needed, where biomedical / system engineers and or computer scientists help integrate the multi disciplines and interdisciplines needed to solve these challenges.
PhD. MICHAEL SHUR
Professor of Solid State Electronics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Co-founder of Sensor Electronics Technology, Inc., and Electronics of the Future, Inc.
PhD. MICHAEL SHUR
PhD. Michael Shur is Patricia W. and C. Sheldon Roberts Professor of Solid State Electronics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and co-founder of Sensor Electronics Technology, Inc., and Electronics of the Future, Inc. He is a Life Fellow of the US National Academy of Inventors, IEEE, APS, ECS, OSA, SPIE, and a Fellow of AAAS, IOP, and IET. His awards include IEEE and IET Awards, Tibbetts Award for Technology Commercialization, Senior Humboldt Research Award, RPI Research Awards, Best Paper Awards, and St. Petersburg Technical University and the University of Vilnius Honorary Doctorates. He is an IEEE EDS and Sigma Xi Distinguished Lecturer and a Foreign Member of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences.
WIDE BAND GAP TECHNOLOGY: STATE-OF-THE-ART AND PROBLEMS TO SOLVE
Applications of wide bandgap (WBG) semiconductors, such as GaN, AlGaN, and InGaN, range from lighting and UV technology to high power, radiation hard, high temperature, terahertz (THz) electronics, and pyroelectronics. Wurtzite (hexagonal) symmetry makes these materials to be quite different from conventional cubic semiconductors. Spontaneous and piezoelectric polarization associated with the wurtzite crystal structure induces two-dimensional electron gases at AlGaN/GaN, AlInN/GaN, and AlGaN/InGaN interfaces with sheet concentrations 10 to 20 times higher than those in Si CMOS. A high current carrying capability and a high breakdown field make these materials perfect for high-power applications. Adjusting the energy gaps of AlxGa1-xN and InxGa1-xN by varying the molar fraction changes the wavelength of light they emit or absorb and enables light emitters, solar cells, and photodetectors operating from THz and infrared to deep ultraviolet range. Blue, green, and white LEDs using InGaN revolutionized smart solid-state lighting. AlGaN UV LEDs are used for water purification, fighting antibiotic-resistant bacteria and viruses, and dramatically increasing produce storage time. InN and BN have the potential to compete with the AlN/GaN family and diamond has reemerged not only as a substrate for record heat removal but also as viable THz detector material. WBG technology has many difficult problems to solve. A high dislocation density in WBG materials leads to the low efficiency of deep AlGaN UV LEDs and reliability problems of high-power devices. Non-uniformities of the electric field distribution cause a premature breakdown. Using ultrathin WBG quantum well layers and nanowires and exploring radically new device designs might alleviate or even solve these problems.
PhD. FERNANDO GUARÍN
Senior Past President Electron Devices Society EDS
PhD. FERNANDO GUARÍN
PhD. Fernando Guarin retired in July 2022 as a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Global Foundries in East Fishkill New York where he led the reliability team responsible for the qualification of 5G technologies. In 2015 he retired from IBM’s Semiconductor Division after 27 years with the Senior Member of Technical Staff title. He earned his BSEE from the “Pontificia Universidad Javeriana”, in Bogotá, Colombia, the M.S.E.E. degree from the University of Arizona, and the Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Columbia University, NY. He has worked in microelectronic reliability for over 40 years.
From 1980 until 1988 he worked in the Military and Aerospace Operations division of National Semiconductor Corporation. In 1988 he joined IBM’s microelectronics division where he worked in the reliability physics and modeling of Advanced Bipolar, CMOS and Silicon Germanium BiCMOS technologies. Most recently he was the leader of the team qualifying GlobalFoundries RF 5G technology offerings.
Dr. Guarín is an IEEE Fellow, Distinguished Lecturer for the IEEE Electron Device Society (EDS), where he has served in many capacities including; member of the IEEE’s EDS Board of Governors, Chair of the EDS Education Committee, Secretary for EDS. He was the EDS President 2018-2019.
PhD. DAVID HUGES
Researcher at the de Department of Astrophysics of the National Institute for Astrophysics, Optics, and Electronics (INAOE), Puebla, Mexico.
PhD. DAVID HUGES
Dr. David H. Hughes is a senior researcher in the Department of Astrophysics at the Mexican National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics (INAOE). He received his Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the University of Central Lancashire, England in 1990. Following post-doctoral studies at the Universities of Oxford and Edinburgh, he moved to Mexico in 1999 to contribute to the advancement of millimeter-wavelength astronomy and the technical and scientific development of the Large Millimeter Telescope Alfonso Serrano (LMT) and its instrumentation program. Since 2011 he has served as the binational (Mexico/USA) Director of the LMT. He has published more than 200 peer-reviewed papers related to the formation and evolution of galaxies and their active nuclei. He is a co-discoverer of the “sub-millimeter galaxy population, SMGs” that represents the most massive and active star-forming galaxies that exist in the early universe. He is a member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences and has been awarded a number of national recognitions including the Mexican Puebla State Luis Rivera Terrazas prize for Science and Technology in 2019. Dr. Hughes is currently the vice-Chair of the governing Board of the global Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration and the leader of the Mexican participation in the EHT project. In April 2019, the EHT collaboration presented the first image of the shadow (the event horizon) of a supermassive black hole which received wide worldwide recognition by the public sector and the international scientific community. As a member of the Event Horizon Telescope collaboration, Dr. Hughes has been the recipient of multiple international honors including the Breakthrough Prize 2020 in Fundamental Physics, Royal Astronomical Society Group Award 2020, Einstein Medal 2020, American Astronomical Society Bruno Rossi Prize 2020 and the National Science Foundation Diamond Achievement Award 2019.
Hunting a supermassive black-hole in the center of the Milky Way with the Event Horizon Telescope.
The global Event Horizon Telescope collaboration, including the participation of the Large Millimeter Telescope Alfonso Serrano (LMT) and members of the Mexican research community, has recently reported the first ultra-high angular-resolution observations of the super massive black-hole, SgrA*, in the nucleus of our galaxy, the Milky Way. The published image clearly shows a central shadow surrounded by a ring of light, an image consistent with the predictions of the law of general relativity published by Albert Einstein in 1915. In particular the image confirms the existence of a “singularity” and the creation of a black-hole with a mass of approximately 4 million times the mass of our sun. I will describe the scientific impact of this first “photo” of the super massive black-hole in SgrA* and summarise how Very Long Base-line Interferometric (VLBI) observations, conducted at a wavelength of 1.3mm with the international Event Horizon Telescope, were able to create a synthetic telescope with a size approximately equal to the diameter of the earth. This presentation will conclude with a summary of the contribution of the LMT and Mexico to these unique world-class results and the future technical evolution of the Event Horizon Telescope experiment.